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In 2001, the Testuniform T/99, ørken was developed further, to become the Kampuniform M/01, ørken. The uniform is still produced in small numbers and issued only to troops actually deploying to desert regions. [Image: Bo Julius.]
Kampuniform M/01, ørken
Kingdom of Denmark
The Danish Army trialled its first camouflage uniforms in 1978. The pattern for the Testuniform T/78 ('trial uniform T/78') was based on Flecktarn, but featured only 3 colours instead of five. The experiences gained were used in the development of the Kampuniform M/84 ('combat uniform M/84') camouflage uniform.
Denmark's first desert camouflage uniform, the experimental let kampuniformsjakke Testuniform T/99, ørken ('light combat jacket, trial uniform T/99, desert'), was issured to Danish members of the Multinational Standby High Readiness Brigade for United Nations Operations (abbrev. SHIRBRIG), who were dispatched, in 2000, to maintain the cease-fire line between Ethiopia and Eritrea as part of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
The camouflage pattern used for the Let kampuniformsjakke T/99, ørken is sometimes said to be based on German Wüstentarn, largely because the colours used are similar: dark green and red earth on a sand-coloured background. However, a closer examination of the T/99 design shows that it is actually an evolution of the Pletsløring ('spot camouflage') pattern, in which red earth has replaced black, dark green has replaced light green, and the sand colour has replaced olive green.
In 2001, the Testuniform T/99, ørken was developed further, to become the Kampuniform M/01, ørken. First seen in use by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan, the uniform is still produced in small numbers and issued only to troops actually deploying to desert regions.
kamouflage.net is grateful to Bo Julius, for his invaluable contribution to this article.